Tag: ozone-layer

Front cover of our report entitled Tip of the Iceberg: Implications of Illegal CFC Production and Use
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Tip of the Iceberg: Implications of Illegal CFC Production and Use

Update on China’s illegal CFC-11 emissions crisis, includes independent laboratory tests of polyurethane foam samples, provided by Chinese enterprises investigated by EIA, confirming the presence of CFC-11 as a blowing agent. CFC-11 is a potent ozone depleting substance that has been banned for almost a decade

Front cover of our Briefing Document for the 38th Meeting of the Open-Ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol
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Update on the Illegal Trade in Ozone-Depleting Substances

Without the ozone layer, most of Earth’s organisms could not have evolved, let alone be sustained. This briefing provides an overview of the smuggling of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) and actions to combat illegal ODS trade that can be taken by Parties to the Montreal Protocol

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New Trends in ODS Smuggling

Far from going away, the threat of black market ODS looms greater than ever and this briefing brings together analysis of trade and emissions data, recent reported seizures and a look at the global refrigerant and feedstock market to highlight some key areas of concern, needing to be addressed by the Montreal Protocol

Front cover of our report entitled The Montreal Protocol in 2012: Celebrating Past Achievements Facing up to Future Challenges
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The Montreal Protocol in 2012

As we celebrate the 25th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol and its history of unparalleled success, we owe it to ourselves to reflect not just on our achievements, but also on the challenges ahead, which we are currently failing to address

EIA report into HFC's
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Risk Assessment of Illegal Trade in HCFCs

Illegal trade in ozone depleting substances (ODS) arose as an unintended consequence of the phase-out of these materials and as illegal trade in ODS soared in the mid-1990s the Montreal Protocol, somewhat belatedly, responded through the creation of national import/export licensing systems.