Deforestation destabilises the environmental systems humanity relies on. It hastens biodiversity loss, undermines water tables, threatens the livelihoods forest-dependent communities, and generates carbon emissions exacerbating climate change.
Over a quarter of tree cover loss involves permanent deforestation for commercial agriculture to produce commodities such as soy, palm oil, beef and others. Much is illegal, environmentally destructive and socially exploitative.
A further quarter of tree cover loss is driven by commercial forestry, often involving the conversion of natural forest to monoculture tree plantations.
Increasing unregulated demand for these commodities – and biofuels derived from them – present a structural threat to forests.