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Chinese Government still promoting coronavirus treatment containing bear bile

LONDON: Authorities in China are still promoting the use of a COVID-19 treatment containing bile extracted from the gallbladders of caged bears.

Bear bile is an ingredient in the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Tan Re Qing, which is now being touted as part of an official COVID-19 treatment plan released on 14 June by the Beijing Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, which provides guidance for medical institutions in the municipality on treatments using TCM.

The London-based Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) first reported China’s promotion of Tan Re Qing in March.

Bile is a digestive fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It is harvested from captive bears using several techniques, all of which require some degree of invasive surgery.

EIA investigators also revealed, on 23 June, that the 2020 edition of China’s official compendium of traditional and Western medicines still includes pangolin, leopard bone and bear bile as ingredients in approved preparations.

“This shows how elements of the Chinese Government continue to support the use of threatened wild animal species in traditional medicine,” said Aron White, EIA Wildlife Campaigner & China Specialist.

“The continued promotion in 2020 of treatments containing the body parts of endangered wild animal species is seriously concerning and disappointing – not only because Government messaging is legitimising the demand which in turn drives the poaching and trafficking of these species, but also because it risks undermining genuine progress in China’s wildlife policy.

“Near-comprehensive bans on the commercial breeding and trade of terrestrial wild animals for consumption as food, adopted in February in the wake of concerns over the origin of the coronavirus pandemic, indicated a much-needed precautionary approach to commercial wildlife trade – but it makes little sense to ban commercial exploitation for one purpose yet allow it for another.”

He added: “We’ve seen sustained calls from various NGOs, academics, medical professionals and lawmakers in China to end use of threatened species of wild animals in TCM. Now, instead of half-measures and mixed messaging, we need to see China’s lawmakers listening to these voices and adopting a comprehensive prohibition on commercial trade in threatened wild animal species for any purpose.”



  • Aron White, EIA Wildlife Campaigner & China Specialist, via aronwhite[at]
  • Paul Newman, EIA Press & Communications Officer, via press[at]



  1. The Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) investigates and campaigns against environmental crime and abuses. Our undercover investigations expose transnational wildlife crime, with a focus on elephants, pangolins and tigers, and forest crimes such as illegal logging and deforestation for cash crops such as palm oil; we work to safeguard global marine ecosystems by tackling plastic pollution, exposing illegal fishing and seeking an end to all whaling; and we address the threat of global warming by campaigning to curtail powerful refrigerant greenhouse gases and exposing related criminal trade.


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