The global phase-down of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), starting in January 2019 under the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, could avoid 0.5°C of warming by 2100. By simultaneously improving the energy efficiency of cooling systems, this climate benefit could potentially be doubled
Update on China’s illegal CFC-11 emissions crisis, includes independent laboratory tests of polyurethane foam samples, provided by Chinese enterprises investigated by EIA, confirming the presence of CFC-11 as a blowing agent. CFC-11 is a potent ozone depleting substance that has been banned for almost a decade
In the wake of startling evidence of unexplained emissions of the ozone-destroying chemical CFC-11 in the atmosphere, this report reveals compelling evidence that illegal production and use of CFC-11 in China is the cause
EIA and NRDC recommend the following guiding principles be considered by the Executive Committee as it formulates an approach to address energy efficiency and elaborates further on these recommendations in the following pages.
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With the Kigali Amendment signed and ratification under way, we urge the provision of sufficient funding for the ongoing hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) phase-out as well as activities to enable the pending hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) phase-down and obligations on HFC-23 by-product emissions