This briefing provides a history and overview of the issue of the illegal trade of substances controlled under the Montreal Protocol including CFCs, HCFCs, and HFCs.
A deadly cocktail of unexplained chemical gases harmful to the Earth’s ozone layer and climate is building up in the atmosphere, documented in this briefing to the 34th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol (MoP34), in Montreal, Canada. EIA investigations traced the source of CFC-11 to illegal production and use in the polyurethane […]
As Parties convene in person for the first time in more than two years, ensuring the continued successful implementation of the Montreal Protocol must include a modernisation of its institutions and increased investment in its future.
The Montreal Protocol was created in 1987 to regulate the chemicals responsible for ozone depletion. Widely hailed as the world’s most successful international environmental treaty, it has phased out 99 per cent of all Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS), setting the ozone layer on the path to recovery.
Timely updates to outdated safety standards and building codes are essential to enable a safe transition from climate-warming hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) to climate-friendly refrigerants. With global stock of household air-conditioners (ACs) expected to triple by 2050, continued use of HFCs in ACs is fueling the climate crisis.
The global phase-down of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), starting in January 2019 under the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, could avoid 0.5°C of warming by 2100. By simultaneously improving the energy efficiency of cooling systems, this climate benefit could potentially be doubled