Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing the world.
A mere 2°C rise in temperature will put 30 per cent of species at high risk of extinction, marine food chains will collapse and ecosystems could completely disappear, while shortages of food and water are predicted to trigger massive movements of people, leading to migration, conflict and famine.
In 2013, the planet passed a dangerous milestone when atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide exceeded 400 parts per million, prompting the scientific community to advocate renewed vigour in efforts to combat climate change. However, current commitments by the world’s governments fall far short of the greenhouse gas reductions needed to limit global temperature rise to 2°C by 2020. We need to take urgent measures to slow down and reduce the extent of the climate crisis.
EIA’s campaign is focused on hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), third generation gases produced by chemical industries in response to the phase-out of ozone depleting CFCs and HCFCs. Used in refrigeration and air-conditioning, these super greenhouse gases (so-called because their Global Warming Potentials are often thousands of times higher than CO2) are the fastest growing source of greenhouse gas emissions.
EIA is campaigning for a global agreement under the Montreal Protocol to phase down the production and use of HFCs. Such an agreement could prevent the equivalent of 100 billion tonnes of CO2 by 2050.
EIA is also tackling the illegal trade in CFCs and HCFCs, which are also super greenhouse gases, as well as working to prevent climate change by protecting forests.