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The Past, Present and Future of the Wild Tiger

Adult male Bengal tiger, Bandhavgarh, India (c) Elliott Neep

Adult male Bengal tiger, Bandhavgarh, India (c) Elliott Neep

The global wild tiger population has tumbled by approximately 97 per cent during the past few hundred years and the remaining 3,500 wild tigers occupy a tiny seven per cent of their former range across Asia.

Four populations of wild tigers have already been extirpated; the Bali tiger was wiped out in the 1940s, the Caspian in the 1960s, the Javan in the 1970s and the population in South China in the 1990s.

Tiger Population Estimates Today (adults)

Bangladesh 400

Bhutan 75

Burma 85

Cambodia No known source breeding population

China 45

India 1,706*

Indonesia 325

Laos PDR 25

Malaysia 500

Nepal 121

Russia 360

Thailand 275

Vietnam No known source breeding population

(Sources: * Status of Tigers in India, 2011, Wildlife Institute of India et al, rest of data from Global Tiger Recovery Program)

Global Tiger Recovery Program

The Global Tiger Initiative (GTI) is a partnership between the governments of Tiger Range Countries, the World Bank and various international and national non-governmental organisations (NGOs). The goal of the GTI is to double the global wild tiger by 2022, the next Chinese Year of the Tiger, and the road map is set out in an agreed strategy called the Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP).

EIA and other NGOs will continue to act as independent eyes and ears as to assess whether words are really being turned into actions. Read more about the GTRP.