Euro Parliament report calls for widespread ban on HFCs
LONDON: The European Parliament’s rapporteur on the review of the European Union’s F-Gas Regulation has submitted a report calling for widespread bans on the use of fluorinated greenhouse gases in the European Union, a move that will ensure smaller businesses are prepared for future reductions in hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) available on the market.
Rapporteur Bas Eickhout’s report contains a series of significant amendments to the European Commission proposal published in November 2012, the centrepiece of which is an economy-wide phase-down of fluorinated gases with accompanying use bans in pre-charged and hermetically-sealed equipment.
An earlier leaked draft of the Commission’s proposal had included bans in commercial and industrial refrigeration, but these were dropped after intensive lobbying by chemical manufacturers despite a European Commission study stating that safe, energy-efficient and cost-effective alternatives to HFCs are already on the market and can satisfy demand in nearly all industrial sectors by 2020.
A coalition of green groups, spearheaded by the London-based Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA), is concerned that a phase-down on its own, even if considerably tightened, will not provide operators and manufacturers with sufficient clarity for their investment decisions.
EIA Senior Campaigner Clare Perry said: “We congratulate Mr Eickhout for his rigorous and principled approach to this vital piece of legislation. As has been widely acknowledged, the Commission’s proposal had a number of significant gaps and also ignored recommendations put forward by its own consultants.
“We are pleased to see the reinstatement of bans in new HFC-containing equipment and products, which will send a signal to the market and allow smaller European companies to take advantage of the opportunity to build a sustainable refrigeration industry in Europe. A piecemeal solution which fails to tackle F-gas emissions head-on, using bans where feasible and cost-effective, will be bad for the climate and bad for the European economy.”
Tim Grabiel, EIA’s legal adviser on the EU F-Gas Regulation, said: “Those who oppose bans are ignoring the fact that they were essential tools used successfully in the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances across Europe.
“The amendments proposed by Mr Eickhout are backed up by the Commission’s own analysis and real life experience. By restoring a tried and tested regulatory approach, this Regulation can lead to a genuine transformation of the market, giving a huge boost to European businesses. We call on MEPs to support the vision set out by Mr Eickhout.”
The Dutch Green MEP’s amendments to the proposed F-Gas Regulation include strengthened containment and recovery measures, earlier bans for hermetically sealed equipment and additional bans on new refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment containing HFCs, with stationary equipment (other than centrifugal chillers) banned from 2020 and mobile equipment (other than fishing vessels) from 2025.
Other newly proposed bans include technical aerosols from 2020, foams from 2015, air-conditioning equipment in cargo ships from 2020 and a prohibition on the use of SF6 in medium voltage switchgear from 2020.
Mr Eickhout also proposes to bring forward the refrigeration servicing ban on very high-Global Warming Potential (GWP) HFCs (GWP>2150) to 2015, while increasing the charge size threshold from five tonnes to 40 tonnes CO2-eq and exempting very low temperature systems. This is supported by a parallel ban on high-GWP HFCs in new equipment as of January 1, 2015 and a provision to mandate that where high-GWP (>2150) F-gases are used to service refrigeration equipment outside the scope of the servicing ban, they must be recovered gases as of 2017.
The Rapporteur’s report additionally strengthens the phase-down schedule and provides for an allocation fee for placing HFCs on the market corresponding to €30 per tonne of CO2-equivalent. It will also require the mandatory destruction of by-product emissions from the manufacture of fluorinated greenhouse gases and other fluorinated compounds, including for the production of feedstocks and process agents.
Members of the European Parliament’s Environment Committee have until March 28 to submit amendments to the report, after which it will be debated in the Committee and put to a vote on June 19.
Interviews are available on request: please contact Clare Perry via [email protected] or telephone +34 664348821.
1. The Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) is a UK-based Non Governmental Organisation and charitable trust (registered charity number 1145359) that investigates and campaigns against a wide range of environmental crimes, including illegal wildlife trade, illegal logging, hazardous waste, and trade in climate and ozone-altering chemicals.
2. Fluorinated gases (F-gases) are super greenhouse gases many hundreds or thousands of times more powerful than carbon dioxide. Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), which are the most common type of F-gas, currently account for about 1-2 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions, but estimates suggest this will rise to as much as 19 per cent by 2050 without action. HFCs are the only greenhouse gases on the rise in Europe.
3. Further detail on proposed amendments:
• Strengthened containment and recovery measures, including expanding provisions to mobile equipment and new provisions on maximum leakage rates and mandatory recovery schemes;
• A tightening up of the phase-down schedule to prevent over-allocation and provision for an allocation fee from 2018 corresponding to €30 per tonne of CO2-equivalent which will be used to support implementation of the Regulation and specifically to address regional differences in the cost of replacement technologies;
* Prohibition of the use of SF6 in medium voltage switchgear as of January 1, 2020
* Prohibition on the use of fluorinated greenhouse gases in:
– Technical aerosols as of January 1, 2020;
– Domestic refrigeration equipment as of January 1, 2015;
– Refrigeration equipment containing F-Gases with a GWP>2150 as of January 1, 2015;
– Commercial refrigerators and freezers (hermetically sealed systems) containing HFCs from January 1, 2018;
– All stationary refrigeration equipment as of January 1, 2020;
– Mobile refrigeration equipment as of January 1, 2025 except fishing vessels;
– Stationary air-conditioning equipment except centrifugal chillers as of January 1, 2020;
– Centrifugal chillers as of January 1, 2027;
– Air conditioning equipment in cargo ships as of January 1, 2020;
– Foams containing F-gases as of January 1, 2015.
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